Everything you need to know about fungal infections and treatments

Dr. Marc-André Doré

Thursday, March 10, 2022

No, it doesn't go away on its own. No, this is not a temporary problem. Ringworms are real infections that require prompt attention and treatment before spreading to the surface of your child's body. 

Contagious, but not dangerous, yeast infections can make your life difficult. As they have different origins and treatments, it is important to identify them correctly.

A microscopic fungus, stimulated by heat and humidity, is at the origin of fungal infections of the skin. 

Some of the fungi that cause mycosis are present naturally on the skin without this posing a problem, explains dermatologist Marc-André Doré. It is the summer conditions that cause them to multiply. And it is this proliferation that promotes infections. 

Dr. Marc-André Doré, dermatologist at DermaGo.ca , sheds light on the medical treatments available to cure this contagious infection.

There are several types of fungal infections of the skin

Athlete's foot

The most well-known mycosis is athlete's foot. Caused by fungi called dermatophytes, this infection is highly contagious. It is caught by walking on wet surfaces when walking around barefoot, such as around a swimming pool, public locker rooms or gymnasium showers. 

The infection first causes dry patches between the toes, describes Dr Doré. It usually starts between the fourth and fifth toe. These plaques are itchy and can cause cracks that can become infected.

By applying at the first signs of mycosis an antifungal cream that can be found over the counter in all pharmacies or that can be obtained by prescription for two weeks, the infection should disappear by itself. 

However, athlete's foot that is neglected can quickly worsen and lead to a nail infection which will require the intervention of a health professional who will then prescribe the appropriate medication. 

You can prevent this infection by avoiding closed shoes in the summer, drying your feet well when you get out of the pool or shower, and wearing sandals in public places. 

Onychomycosis (nail fungus)

More commonly known as nail fungus or nail fungus, onychomycosis is an infection that can be caused by several species of fungi. Although not very dangerous, nail fungus is transmissible between humans and quickly degrades the quality of life of those who suffer from it. It is important to treat it quickly to prevent it from spreading and spreading.

Again, drying feet thoroughly after showering or swimming, wearing sandals in locker rooms and public showers, and keeping toenails short will help prevent appearance of nail fungus.

Mycosis of the folds

It is a fungal infection, also called intertrigo, which causes irritation and inflammation in the folds of the skin, especially under the breasts and the bulges. 

It takes the form of red patches with small pimples that cause severe itching.

By drying babies well after showering or swimming, by applying baby powder in the folds of the skin and by staying cool and dry, we reduce the risk of this infection appearing.

If, however, fold fungus develops, applying a prescribed or over-the-counter antifungal cream twice a day for two weeks should solve the problem.

Pityriasis versicolor

You notice on the body of our child white, dry and round spots or pinkish or brown spots? This is because the fungi at the source of pityriasis versicolor are probably active. 

In some people, these fungi proliferate more under the effect of heat and humidity. They cause a skin reaction.

An over-the-counter antifungal cream is then quickly applied to the affected areas, morning and evening, for two weeks. 

If the infection is very extensive or resistant, tablets can be prescribed.

As pityriasis versicolor is already present on the skin, it is difficult to prevent this infection. On the other hand, if you or your loved ones have already suffered from this mycosis, when the beautiful summer days arrive, you can prevent the appearance of new spots and the reproduction of fungi by applying selenium sulphide to the skin that the found in most anti-dandruff shampoos.

When to consult a dermatologist?

Although yeast infections are harmless, the appearance of this contagious infection can quickly ruin your summer and that of those around you. 

It is important to apply the first treatments quickly and if the problem persists, to promptly consult a dermatologist who will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Text from a post written in 2021 by Dr. Marc-André Doré for the Maman pour la vie.


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