The most well-known mycosis is athlete's foot. Caused by fungi called dermatophytes, this infection is highly contagious. It is caught by walking on wet surfaces when walking around barefoot, such as around a swimming pool, public locker rooms or gymnasium showers.
The infection first causes dry patches between the toes, describes Dr Doré. It usually starts between the fourth and fifth toe. These plaques are itchy and can cause cracks that can become infected.
By applying at the first signs of mycosis an antifungal cream that can be found over the counter in all pharmacies or that can be obtained by prescription for two weeks, the infection should disappear by itself.
However, athlete's foot that is neglected can quickly worsen and lead to a nail infection which will require the intervention of a health professional who will then prescribe the appropriate medication.
You can prevent this infection by avoiding closed shoes in the summer, drying your feet well when you get out of the pool or shower, and wearing sandals in public places.