About acne

Wednesday, 01 December 2021

Many of us experience the inconveniences of acne. It is one of the main reasons for a consultation at dermago. The figures talk for themselves: nearly 2 million Canadians are affected by acne. Although 85% of cases affect young people aged 12 to 24 years, adults in their twenties and thirties can also suffer from it. This condition can often be experienced as embarrassing and frustrating and can impact on a person’s professional and personal lives. It can also lead to more serious emotional consequences such as anxiety and depression.

Types of Acne

There are 4 subtypes of acne that are differentiated mainly by the appearance of skin lesions

  1. Comedonal

    Characterized by the abundant presence of comedones and microcysts.

  2. Papulopustular

    Represented by an abundant presence of comedones, microcysts, papules and pustules.

  3. Severe

    Severe acne that often occurs due to a hormonal imbalance. It can cause lesions and scars.

  4. Nodulocystic

    Consists of large comedones that become inflamed and can lead to significant and extensive scarring.

Treatment Options

As a rule of thumb, when dealing with a comedonal type of acne (whiteheads, blackheads), a topical treatment is recommended, usually in the form of creams. When the inflammatory component (pimples, pustules, cysts) is predominant, tablets are the most effective treatment option. During the consultation, the dermatologist will take into account these elements as well as your skin type to determine which is the best course of treatment for you.

On a Daily Basis

Some of our daily habits can help reduce acne breakouts:

To do

  • Wash your face once or twice a week with a cleansing product adapted for your skin type

  • Use sunscreen

  • Use non-oily makeup products that don’t clog the skin pores (look for the words “noncomedogenic” or “nonacnegenic” on the label).

  • Frequently wash pillow cases and bed sheets

  • Wash makeup brushes with an antimicrobial soap

To avoid

  • Do not pop pimples! This may spread the bacteria and cause more acne.

  • Try not to worry too much about acne. Stress may worsen the symptoms by affecting hormonal levels.

  • The best would be not to wear makeup at all. If you do, let the skin breathe and heal at least once a week.

  • Thinking you are alone! Nearly everyone has pimples at one time or another.

  • Do not scrub the skin. This may irritate the skin and worsen acne.

Want to Learn More?

We could talk about this topic at length! We will come back with more articles relating specifically to acne, for instance, the effect of food on acne and the management of scars.

If you want to learn more about acne, our certified dermatologists are here for you.

More on the subject of acne

Acne scars


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